Indian mangoes come in various shapes, sizes and colours with a wide variety of flavour, aroma and taste. The Indian mango is the special product that substantiates the high standards of quality and bountiful of nutrients packed in it. A single mango can provide up to 40 percent of the daily dietary fibre needs – a potent protector against heart disease, cancer and cholesterol build –up .In addition, this luscious fruit is a warehouse of potassium, beta- carotene and antioxidants. In India, mangoes are mainly grown in tropical and subtropical regions from sea level to an altitude of 1,500m. Mangoes grow best in temperatures around 27˚C.
For maintaining highest quality standards, State-of-the-art packhouses have been set up in major production zones. Keeping in view the different country requirements, internationally recognized treatment facilities like Hot water treatment, Vapour heat treatment and Irradiation facilities have also been set up at various locations across the production belt.
Unique product identification system, compliant to the traceability networking and Residue Monitoring Plan has been developed for the consumer safety and readiness to product recall in case of any emergency.
India is the home of about 1,000 varieties. However, only a few varieties are commercially cultivated throughout India. Most of the Indian mango varieties have specific eco – geographical requirements for optimum growth and yield. The Northern/Eastern Indian varieties are usually late bearing compared to Southern and Western Indian varieties. Some of the local varieties of mango bear fruits throughout the year in extreme southern parts of India.
The important commercial varieties are as :
|Andhra Pradesh||Banganapalli, Suvarnarekha, Neelum and Totapuri|
|Bihar||Bombay Green, Chausa, Dashehari, Fazli, Gulabkhas, Kishen Bhog, Himsagar, Zardalu and Langra|
|Gujarat||Kesar, Alphonso, Rajapuri, Jamadar, Totapuri, Neelum, Dashehari and Langra|
|Haryana||Chausa, Dashehari, Langra and Fazli|
|Himachal Pradesh||Chausa, Dashehari and Langra|
|Karnataka||Alphonso, Totapuri, Banganapalli, Pairi, Neelum and Mulgoa|
|Madhya Pradesh||Alphonso, Bombay Green, Dashehari, Fazli, Langra and Neelum|
|Maharashtra||Alphonso, Kesar and Pairi|
|Punjab||Chausa, Dashehari and Malda|
|Rajasthan||Bombay Green, Chausa, Dashehari and Langra|
|Tamil Nadu||Alphonso, Totapuri, Banganapalli and Neelum|
|Uttar Pradesh||Bombay Green, Chausa, Dashehari and Langra|
|West Bengal||Fazli, Gulabkhas, Himsagar, Kishenbhog, Langra and Bombay Green|
Areas of Cultivation :
The major mango-growing states are Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Bihar, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu. Uttar Pradesh ranks first in mango production with a share of 23.47 % and highest productivity.
India Facts and Figures :
India is also a prominent exporter of fresh mangoes to the world. The country has exported 49,658.68 MT of fresh mangoes to the world for the worth of Rs. 400.21 crores/ 56.11 USD Millions during the year 2019-20.
Major Export Destinations (2019-20): U Arab Emts, U K, U S A, Oman, Qatar.